Gum disease is a common condition with mild, but annoying results. There are two types of it: gingivitis and periodontitis. The latter is a more advanced form of the former. Both problems can be prevented with good dental maintenance, but if its too late follow these tips to manage it.

Gingivitis is an Easy Fix

If your gums bleed when you brush your teeth you should go see a dentist right away. If you have gingivitis, all he or she has to do is scrape the plaque that is gathering at the gum base.

Periodontitis is on Another Level

If your gingivitis has turned into periodontitis, the solution is more challenging. The dentist has to “dig deeper” to fix the problem. The removal of plaque by the dentist is a little more intense, because he or she will also have to clear plaque from below your gum line. This more detailed procedure might require an anesthetic. If necessary, grafting, when tissue is taken from one part of your mouth and surgically inserted into an ailing part, will have to be done. After that, your dentist will probably prescribe you an antibiotic to prevent infection.

Treatments at Home

No matter if you have gingivitis or periodontitis, there are things you can do to help out your teeth and gums while you’re going through your normal routine. If your routine includes smoking, remove that from your routine! Smoking makes your gum disease worse and is probably partially to blame for it. You should regularly brush your teeth every day, at least twice every 24 hours for a few minutes each time. You should floss daily and use a mouthwash that removes plaque.


Though it is very easy to get gingivitis and periodontitis, it is usually not too hard to fix. Take the necessary steps to attack the problem when you first notice it to have the best chance of success. The most important thing to remember is no matter how bad the gum disease is it can be taken care of. If you are worried about gum disease, contact Robert C. Brei, DDS, your trusted Tucson dentist today.